Knitting 101: How To Knit The Garter Stitch

Knitting 101: How To Knit The Garter Stitch

Most knitting patterns use a garter stitch to create a border or edge that features a striped texture that doesn’t curl. However, if you are a beginner, one common question that you would be asking is how to knit the garter stitch. So, in this knitting 101 guide, let us help knit a fabric that is thick, strong, and slightly stretchy without having troubles.

When it comes to knitting the garter stitch, it is as simple as knitting every stitch and every row. It means that you need to start learning how to cast on and work a knit stitch before you can perfect a garter stitch. However, it doesn’t mean that it is too basic for some special projects. You can practice working on a scarf, blanket, and some mitts. After you learn how to work entire rows in garter stitch, you can also use garter stitch in conjunction with other knitting stitches and patterns.

Knitting the garter stitch is one of the necessary skills that every knitter should know if you want to be versatile in doing various projects. It is so useful for making borders and patterns. So, if you are ready to start learning, grab your yarns and needles and get ready to cast on.

5 Easy Steps To Knit The Garter Stitch

Before you start knitting the garter stitch, make sure that you have your preferred knitting needles, yarn, and other materials that would make your project look more beautiful. More importantly, make sure that your needles match with your thread. When buying a yarn, you can always check its packaging to see the indication regarding the correct size of the needle.

Step 1 – Start the First Stitch

Garter stitch is like knitting other stitches so start your first knit after you cast on. Insert your right needles through the first stitch, front to back, and left to right.

Step 2 – Wrap the Yarn Around the Needle

Place the working yarn around the right needle. Wrap the yarn between the two needles in the counterclockwise direction. Make sure that you do it carefully while exerting enough tension for every stitch to ensure durability.

Step 3 – Bring the Needle to the Front

Slide the right needle under the left needle, and grab the thread. Then, push the needle to the edge. As a result, it would be the most recent stitch on the right needle. When knitting, make sure that you put your 100% focus and attention on every project that you make. Otherwise, you will only end up repeating the whole process and not finishing the entire project.

Step 4 – Slide the Completed Stitch

Slide the stitch off the left needle so that the freshly finished stitch is now on the right side. You’ve just completed the first knit stitch, which is what you’re doing for the rest of your knit stitch job.

Step 5 – Work On All Knit Stitches

Knit every stitch across the row, then change your job and knit every stitch across the row. Repeat this process to work in a cuddly thread. In comparison to the stockinette stitch, which appears to curve, the edges of the garter stitch remain smooth, which is ideal for knitting products without adding edges or other finishings.

However, the edges are not very smooth. With an extra step while you’re working, you can build a nice finish on your cuddly stitch. To make the edge straight, start a row of garter stitch with a slip stitch and pass the stitch purlwise. Then knit each stitch across the rest of the row.

Repeat for each side. Work on garter stitch by knitting every row only works with standard needles. If you want to create a trunk stitch on circular needles operating in the circle, you need to make a few changes depending on its size.

5 Knitting Stitches for Beginners

How long does it take to be an expert knitter? Let’s start with these knitting stitches first. If you’re thinking about learning to knit or are a new knitter, seeing all the available knitting stitches can be pretty daunting. It’s helpful to find out which are accessible for beginners to learn, and what patterns set the foundation to be able to knit more complicated patterns later. Here are some basic knitting stitches that beginners can approach and build up to do better projects.

1.Garter Stitch

Garter stitch is the first knitting stitch that novice knitters need to master. Knitting every stitch in each row is the easiest way to get a knit stitch down before learning how to purl. A lot of new knitters start with a garter stitch scarf, but you could also incorporate a washcloth, kitchen pads, or something else in this basic stitch to get your needles going.

2.Stockinette Stitch

When you’ve been knitting down, the next step is to learn to purl. It’s easier to knit one row and purl the next, and when you change that way, the fabric you make is known as the stockinette stitch. This smooth fabric is what most people think about when they think of knitting, and there are probably more patterns written using a stockinette stitch than any other pattern out there.

Stockinette stitch is what you get when you knit each round in circular knitting, so that’s another good reason to pick up the ability. The only problem with the stockinette is that the edges appear to curl. Don’t worry about it while you’re just learning, but when you start knitting projects in stockinette, make sure you add an edging that doesn’t curl if you don’t like the rolled impact.


If you’re comfortable knitting whole rows of knit and purl, it’s time to combine knitting and purling in the same row. It is how you create a lot of textured stitch patterns that are possible in knitting, but for now, we’re going to look at the most common type of knit-purl stitch patterns, known as ribbing. Ribbing is any pattern where knits and purls line up evenly across rows so that you get knit columns and purls that rotate around the cloth. It can be used in the pattern of knitting or as an edging.

The most popular types of ribbing are 1×1 and 2×2, the numbers representing how many stitches you operate on every kind of stitch in order. However, you can do the ribbing in just about any variation, from 3×1 to 4×4. The main thing you need to pay attention to when ribbing is that the number of stitches you put on matches the number of stitches required for that particular pattern. 

4.Seed Stitch

You can knit seed stitch if you can knit ribbing. The seed stitch is done in the same way as the ribbing, except each row is off by one thread, so instead of lining the knits and purls in straight columns, they overlap on each row.

Seed stitch brings a lot of depth to your knitting, and that’s easy to do. It’s also a good lesson to read your knitting because if you see a knit stitch in the row, you just wind, you know you need to purl a stitch in the row and vice versa. It’s never too early to begin practicing this vital knitting ability.

5.Moss Stitch

Another simple variant of the knits and purls in the same row is the moss stitch, which is like ribbing for two rows, then going over a thread for two rows. It’s quick to get the seed stitch, and the muss stitch confused. Helpful reminder – the seeds are small, so you only need one row to make them.

30 Knit Stitch Patterns for Beginning Knitters

Check out this series of 30 Knit Stitch Patterns with various variations of basic stitches and purl stitches. Starting knitters may produce a wide range of textures and patterns with just these two simple knitting stitches. Browse to find your favorite styles and basic patterns below. These simple stitch textures will encourage you to knit your first scarf, dishcloth, blanket, and more knitting projects.

Pattern #1 – Garter Stitch Pattern

When you knit every row in your swatch, you establish the most simple pattern, the Garter Stitch. It’s easy to knit, reversible, smooth, and stretchy. This 2-Row Repeat is a simple level project.

Pattern #2 – Garter Ribbing Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Garter Ribbing Stitch Knitting Pattern produces smooth Stockinette Stitch columns divided by two rows of Garter Stitch texture.

Pattern #3 – Broken Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Split Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern produces smooth columns of one Stockinette Stitch separated by one row of Garter Stitch texture.

Pattern #4 – Diagonal Seed Stitch Knitting Pattern

The Diagonal Seed Stitch Knitting Pattern is a simple texture of the Stockinette background punctuated by the diagonal rows of the Seed Stitch.

Pattern #5 – Diagonal Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern

The Diagonal Rib Knit Stitch Pattern is a great way to build a depth of ribbing while allowing your piece to lay flat easily. This 8-Row Repeat Knit Stitch Pattern would be ideal for knitting a pillow or an elegant scarf.

Pattern #6 – Double Fleck Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Double Fleck Stitch Knitting Pattern produces simple rows of two small diagonal seed stitches. Vertical columns isolate a stockinette backdrop with a double purple texture pop.

Pattern #7 – Double Moss Knit Stitch Pattern 

This Double Moss Stitch is a simple pattern that adds a nice texture. A variation on the Seed and Irish Moss stitches, this simple pattern is accomplished by a 4-row repeat of knit and purl stitches.

Pattern #8 – Simple Seed Stitch Knitting Pattern 

This Simple Seed Stitch Pattern is a vintage pattern with a Stockinette background dotted with alternating rows of raised purple seed stitches.

Pattern #9 – Stockinette Stitch Knitting Pattern

When you knit a row, then purl the next row, you create the Stockinette Stitch Pattern. This 2-Row Repeat produces a smooth, classical texture.

Pattern #10 – Seed Stitch Knitting Pattern

It’s called the Seed Stitch because the bumps formed from your purl stitches look like seeds. It makes an excellent and durable piece of knitting.

Pattern #11 – Sand Stitch Knitting Pattern Swatch 

The Sand Stitch Knitting Pattern produces punctuated rows of tiny bumps for an easy pattern.

Pattern #12 – Andalusian Knit Stitch Pattern 

This retro Andalusian Pattern is a perfect little update to the Stockinette Stitch. In this 4-Row Repeat, we knit and purl one of the rows, creating a little bit of texture and visual appeal.

Pattern #13 – Beaded Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Beaded Rib Stitch Pattern is a traditional style of ribbed rows separated by small seed stitches for extra texture and flattened.

Pattern #14 – Seeded Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Seeded Rib Stitch Pattern generates deep, textured rows. It is stretchy and holds its shape with the seed stitches between the rows of ribbons.

Pattern #15 – Chevron Seed Knit Stitch Pattern 

This Chevron Seed Stitch has a lovely graphic design. This 4-Row Repeat Knit Stitch Pattern creates a colorful Chevron Seed Stitch pattern.

Pattern #16 – Hurdle Knit Stitch Pattern 

This Hurdle Stitch is the right mix of knitting and purl. It’s like the obstacles of the track team, the ponies, or even the Olympics!

Pattern #17 – Irish Moss Knit Stitch Pattern

The Irish Moss Stitch, also known as the American Moss Stitch, is similar to the Seed Stitch, albeit with a thicker texture. As a result, it also feels heavy and squishy.

Pattern #18 – Reverse Ridge Stitch 

The pattern of the Reverse Ridge Stitch has a spread rib pattern horizontally rather than vertically. With a sequence of knits and purls, this is a flexible pattern that is super stretchy, but unlike other rib stitches, this rib stitch is horizontal.

Pattern #19 – Tile Squares Knit Stitch Pattern 

The Tile Squares Stitch Knitting Pattern comes with Stockinette blocks separated vertically by a Seed Stitch rib and a horizontal purl ridge.

Pattern #20 – Long Raindrops Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The Long Raindrops Stitch produces a reversible pattern of elongated, overlapping vertical lines resembling rainy downpours.

Pattern #21 – Pennant Pleating Knitting Pattern 

This Pennant Pleating Stitch is a simple pattern of alternating vertical columns of interlocking triangles in the textures of Garter and Stockinette.

Pattern #22 – Purl Ridge Knit Stitch Pattern

The Purl Ridge Stitch Knitting Pattern is textured by a horizontal row of raised purple seed stitches.

Pattern #23 – Pique Rib Stitch Pattern

This Pique Rib Stitch Pattern is a great way to build a depth of ribbing while allowing your item to lie flat easily.

Pattern #24 – Waffle Knit Stitch Pattern 

This delicious Waffle Stitch, with a series of knits and purls, looks like one of the most favorite breakfast goodies! It’s an easy-to-memorize, and all-around stitch for your fashion and home decor knitting designs.

Pattern #25 – 1×1 Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The 1×1 Rib Stitch looks a lot like the Stockinette Stitch, but it’s stretchy and the same on both sides. It’s great to knit clothes when you need to offer a little extra.

Pattern #26 – 2×2 Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The 2×2 Rib Stitch is a little thicker and perfect for knitting scarves, caps, blankets, and more! This 2-Row Repeat Pattern is great for knitting a chunky scarf.

Pattern #27 – The 5×1 Flat Rib Stitch Pattern

The 5×1 Flat Rib Stitch Pattern has five large stockinette stitches, separated by a narrow base.

Pattern #28 – 7×3 Flat Rib Stitch Knitting Pattern 

The 7×3 Flat Rib Stitch Pattern has seven wide stockinette stitches, separated by three narrow garter ribs, which allow this pattern to lie flat while retaining a bit of stretchability.

Pattern #29 – Little Raindrops Stitch Knitting Pattern

The Little Raindrops Knitting Pattern produces a reversible pattern of narrow vertical lines.

Pattern #30 – Flag Stitch Knitting Pattern 

This Flag Knit Stitch has such a beautiful texture dimension. This 6-Row Repeat, Knit Stitch Pattern, is an easy-to-use, easy-to-follow sequence of knits and purls in six repeat rows.


When it comes to Garter Stitch, you must use the right needles and yarn for the job. Learn the basics of how to stitch, and you’ll have a better understanding of how to knit the Garter Stitch. Along the process, always bring extra patience. Just like other stitching processes, practice is essential if you want to perfect this method. Don’t be shy about joining knitting groups and learn from other experts.

The time you need to be a knitting expert depends on your patience and the consistency of your training. More importantly, how much time you’re willing to spend on learning this craft. Like a lot of skills, your progress is directly linked to how much you practice. The quickest road to best practice is excellent training and a source of knowledge. It’s better if you can work with an experienced knitter or watch videos from trustworthy and expert knitters.

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