Binding Off Vs. Casting Off: What Is The Difference?

Some people say that binding off and casting off has a difference. That is why many people have been confused about it. The difference is not totally a big deal, though. It is just a language barrier. To completely understand this, make sure you need to know the UK and the USA’s language.

Binding Off and Casting Off is the same because they are called the family of techniques in knitting. Of course, they only differ in some ways. Let us not confuse ourselves. The difference between them is the language and usage. It varies on how you use and execute them in a specific cloth. Hence, their goal is the same. It is to sea or locks the stitches and purls in the knitting process.

Knowing its difference will give you the benefit of acquiring over one technique in binding or casting off in the knitting process. You should understand the procedure of binding off and casting off and their usage in executing them live. You will learn more than you read along.

What are the Differences Between Binding Off and Casting Off?

If you want to knit, end it by binding or casting the stitches off. But, of course, you need to be precise in doing this. Yes, it is simple, but make sure you did it in the right way. These are the differences between bind off and cast off in knitting: They differ because of their terminology in the United Kingdom and the United States of America. There is a language barrier. 

Take note of that. Correct and educate yourself. Be aware of the usage of the term. If you are from the UK, you can use the term “cast off,” but you can use the term “bind off” if you are from the USA. It does not matter, though, as long as you did the excellent process itself. 

In the United States of America, they say it as “bind off” to finish the knitting project’s edge, but in the United Kingdom, they use “cast off.” It depends on your mood or how you construct the sentence. Either way, you can use it anytime. There is no wrong using it. Besides, it would differ if you have your way to bind or cast off. Suppose you have different techniques to cast or bind off. 

They are technically the same, though. The process is the same, but it only differs in the word’s usage. As long as you know its process, you can learn from it and make it your way. If you have another way of binding or casting off, this would be the chance to have a difference between it. Do not get confused with the terminologies. It might lead you into some confusion and the wrong process of knitting. Be aware of them. 

How to Bind Off?

First, you need to know the knitting abbreviations. Cast-on is CO; knit is k or K, purl for p or P, bind off for BO. It is easy to learn and gives you a neat and tiny edge. You can use binding off in projects that will require you a loose or stretchy binding off of stitches.

You can use it if the tasks need you to seam them together. You can use standard binding off in knitted baby blankets, wraps, and knitted scarves. Hence, you can bind off in a garter stitch. There are four steps in doing it. 

  • Step 1: In your last row, knit the first two stitches. Place the left needle into the first stitch in your right needle. Take note: this is the stitch in the back. 
  • Step 2: Take the first stitch over the second stitch. You should have one stitch in the right needle. 
  • Step 3: Knit another from the left needle to gain two stitches on your right needle. Repeat the first, second, and third step until you gain one remaining stitch. 
  • Step 4: Cut the yarn and leave 4”-6” tails to weave it using the last stitch. 

In binding off, relax your hands to have a tight and tiny edge. It will become sloppy if it is too loose. Just be patient to help yourself finish the whole knitting process. It would be enjoyable to create an excellent product made by your creative hands and imaginative mind. I hope you will enjoy the entire process of binding off. 

How to Cast Off?

This would not be very clear between the binding and casting off. But do not get too confused. You can do it better than you think you cannot. So, concentrate and focus on the project you are doing. Be optimistic that you can execute and run into the process precisely. It is time for you to get your knitting needles. 

It is just simple and very easy for you. Just start on the new row, and you need to stitch with two loosely. Keep the stitches loose so that it would be stretched at the end. You have twelve steps to follow in casting off:

  • Step 1: Loosely knit the two stitches 
  • Step 2: Slide the left needle into the first stitch you are holding. 
  • Step 3: Over the second stitch, you need to pull the first stitch on it. 
  • Step 4: Continue drawing the first stitch over the double stitch and off to the needle. 
  • Step 5: If there is one stitch on the right hand, that means that you already cast off the other.
  • Step 6: Knit another one stitch and repeat steps 2 to 6 until you have one stitch remaining. 
  • Step 7: Cut 10 inches of a yard tail.
  • Step 8: Now, wrap the yarn around the needle. 
  • Step 9: Over the yarn tail, you need to pull the stitch.
  • Step 10: Pull the yarn tail through the needle. 
  • Step 11: Again, pull the yarn tail to tighten up.
  • Step 12: You already cast off your knitting. 

Always remember that you need two stitches on the right needle when casting off in the knitting process. Keep a loose hand also to have the best product. Once you have cast it off, you are through with your project. Repeat these steps so that you can practice more and perfect them.

Frequently Asked Questions

In casting and binding off, you need to be extra careful to execute both. Do not get confused. You need to understand both techniques. With no confusion, you can deal with it properly as you go along. You can do it as long as you know the correct process behind it. Here are some frequently asked questions to help you.

What does cast off in rib mean?

Casting off is a technique popular among knitters whenever they need to finish a rib pattern. By casting it off, purls as purls, knits as knits, you are keeping your project neater and less obvious to see it. You need to knit in a rib stitch to cast off the rib until you have reached your desired length. 

That means you should always knit the two stitches and purl the next two of them until you complete the row. Do the same in all rows you encounter. Finish inside of each row so that the outside faces will start for you to stitch. You need to focus on this part.

What does rib 2 together mean?

Rib 2 in knitting means you need to knit two stitches and purl two stitches across the needle. In finishing the rib edge, you need to rib six, rib two together. Rib stitches are usually for waistlines, scarves, necklines, cuffs, and borders on sweaters, hems, cuffs on mittens, hats, socks, and an allover stitch pattern. 

In a 2×2 rib stitch pattern, you will need to cast on in multiples of four stitches. You need to cast on 4, 8, 12, 16, or 20 sts. The pattern of this has two rows. In the first row, you need to knit two and purl two across the row. The second row is to repeat row 1. That is how simple it is. You can enjoy this one.

What should I knit next?

You can knit whatever you want. The list is long for your project. Do not be too excited about these lineup projects of yours. Do it correctly by following the procedures, steps, and tips accurately. So, you can knit dozens of ideas. You can also think of the best-knitted products you can do depending on your creativity and proficiency level. 


Before anything else, be aware of the differences between the binding off and cast off in knitting. Although they are the same, the way you do it is different. They differ because of their terminology in the United Kingdom and the United States of America in knitting. There is a language barrier. It does not matter, though, as long as you did the excellent process itself.

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